What Is A Business Entity?

Corporations, partnerships, and limited liability companies (LLCs) are just a few business structures. The type of business entity a corporation is affects both its tax burden and its potential exposure to liabilities. Let us explore what a business entity is, its various types, how they work, and how to set up your own.

Business Entity: What It Is?

Rather than focusing on what a company does, business entity categories focus on its structure or kind. For example, there may be different methods of payment relying on the organization’s tax structure, duties, and other factors. Forming a business entity begins with submitting paperwork to a state office like the secretary of state.

Businesses consist of individuals who have joined together to provide services, commerce, or other activities. Corporations and other legal entities are examples of companies. The type of company entity determines both structure and taxation.

You are starting a business by settling on a business entity. This choice has significant legal and financial implications for your firm. It’s critical to choose a business entity quickly. It affects your tax return and the outcome of a lawsuit. Many business models protect your assets. A lawsuit may put your corporate assets at risk, but not your assets. If your state requires you to file paperwork and pay fees, you can do so. Your company’s best business entity type will depend on its size and the number of shareholders. Before making this crucial decision, consult a tax and legal specialist for specific information.

Which legal kind of business do you need? This guide is here to help you make that decision. First, we’ll go over the benefits and cons of each type of business entity so that you can decide which is best for your firm.

Types of Business Entities

When deciding on the best company structure for your needs, remember your financial goals, the level of ownership and liability you’re ready to take on, and the number of individuals involved. In addition, every organization has its advantages and disadvantages. Therefore, knowing exactly what you want to accomplish is essential before deciding on a firm structure.

Sole Proprietorship

One person (or a married couple) is solely responsible for running a sole proprietorship, the most basic form of business organization. According to the law, you are automatically the sole owner when you start a new business. No state registration is required for a single proprietorship, but your industry may need local business licenses or permissions.

Even established enterprises like retail outlets can operate with just one person at the helm: freelancers and consultants are typical examples of sole entrepreneurs.

As a result, sole proprietorships are the most common business structure in the United States. Overlapping financial resources make it simple to start your own company and file your taxes. The difficulty is that this lack of separation might also get you into legal problems. Anyone who successfully sues your business can take all your assets, including your house and car. This is why most sole proprietors opt to form an LLC or corporation instead of continuing as a sole firm.


Two or more people are running a partnership rather than a sole proprietorship. Each partner is responsible for filing their own taxes for their portion of the company’s debts, costs, profits, and losses.

When it comes to reporting, a partnership is simple to set up and requires minimal effort. In rare cases, a partner’s personal income can be used to offset a business’s tax losses. In addition, workers’ compensation and pension insurance are not requirements because partners are not employees.

Suppose you’re going to join a partnership. In that case, it’s critical to sign a written agreement outlining the specific responsibilities and power of each partner, each partner’s financial investment, and the procedures that will be used to resolve disputes or terminate the partnership. Each partner will have an equal stake in each asset if no agreement is made. A partnership does not pay taxes; each partner is taxed on their portion of the company’s profits.


Unlike sole proprietorships, where owners receive a percentage of the business in return for their investment, corporations are legally different legal entities that operate independently. An incorporation’s formalities include drafting articles of incorporation, choosing officers, and having annual meetings; otherwise, it will lose its legal distinction from other businesses.

The Internal Revenue Code recognizes two forms of corporations: C corporations taxed separately from their owners and S-corporations regarded as pass-through organizations (like partnerships). Both forms of business allow shareholders to protect their assets by limiting their liability.

C corporation is distinct from its owners. Shareholders (owners), a board of directors, and officials control a corporation. This type of corporation is subject to additional rules and taxes. State laws, taxes, and forms differ. C corporations may be an alternative when your company grows, and you need better legal protection. A-C corp’s main benefit is a liability. They can’t take your home, car, or other personal assets to pay off a corporate judgment.

A pass-through entity, an S corporation, has the same limited liability as a C corporation. In an S company, the owners’ income and losses are taxed. An S corporation doesn’t pay taxes. To form or convert an S corporation, use IRS form 2553. An S corporation may be the best option if a sole proprietorship or partnership offers more tax advantages.

Limited Liability Companies (LLCs)

As a mix of a corporation and a partnership, LLCs shield their owners from personal liability while still allowing them to deduct business expenses as if they were a company. The state where the business is organized is where LLCs must be registered, just as corporations must be.

Because they combine the simplicity of a sole proprietorship or partnership with the legal security of a corporation, limited liability companies (LLCs) are popular among small business owners, particularly freelancers.

Final thoughts

You may now choose the correct business entity for your small business based on your understanding of how the most popular types of business work and their advantages and disadvantages. If you can afford it, you should consult a company lawyer and tax expert to determine which business structure is ideal for you based on your current situation and future goals.

When deciding on a company structure, it’s essential to consider three things: legal protection, tax treatment, and documentation needs. Following this part, you’ll be able to view how the entities rank in terms of these factors.