What Is A Business Trust?

Business trust are also known as common law trusts, and they can be used by entrepreneurs to operate their businesses or to entrust the management of a beneficiary share in a specific firm to a third party.

There are several kinds of business trusts, each with its own unique set of rules. It’s a good idea to visit a financial expert if you’re considering utilizing a business trust. But for now, let’s explore the concept of business trusts in a bit more depth. 

Defining Business Trusts

A business trust and an individual or family trust operate in similar ways. A trustee is responsible for managing the trust and its contents on behalf of the grantor. Unlike an individual trust, a business trust retains the rights to a person’s share or interest in a firm. Thus, a business trust may serve as the legal body that owns a company.

When creating a business trust, it is possible to have one or several beneficiaries. Due to trusts’ unique legal status, they are largely employed to shield from taxes and responsibility (though regulations differ from state to state and country to country). 

How Does It Work?

Business trusts are created when a nominated and appointed trustee assumes control of the company’s assets, liabilities, properties, and earnings. The trustee maintains these assets for the benefit of the company, not for profit. Beneficiaries, or those who receive income from assets that generate revenue, are the exclusive recipients of all gains.

In addition to managing operations, the trustee must make choices that are in the best interest of the beneficiaries. People who seek to protect themselves from creditors, taxes, and litigation often utilize business trusts. 

What Are The Different Types Of Business Trusts

The three primary kinds of business trusts are as follows: 

Simple Trust

The IRS must confirm the trust’s status for it to fall into this category. Direct distribution of company earnings is required in a simple trust. A simple trust is forbidden from tampering with the company’s primary assets.

Grantor Trust

A grantor, a trustee, and a beneficiary are all involved in grantor trusts. The trust’s income is taxed at the grantor’s rate, and the grantor retains total authority over the trust. Beneficiaries will be able to keep track of how much money the company makes and distributes to them.

Complex Trust

To be classified as a complex trust, the trust must not distribute all of its income to beneficiaries. Furthermore, the trust must distribute some funds to charitable organizations.

Advantages And Disadvantages Of Business Trusts

Creating and utilizing a business trust has advantages and disadvantages. In terms of benefits, liability is number one. Firm trusts are similar to LLCs or corporations in that the beneficiaries of the trust may get the advantage of owning and controlling the business while being insulated from personal responsibility.

In addition, business trusts are advantageous because they give an additional layer of anonymity, and they make it easy to determine distribution conditions for beneficiaries.

On the downside, business trusts may become costly and time-consuming to manage. To establish a trust, you’ll need the help of a lawyer, and you may wish to retain the services of a lawyer throughout the rest of the trust’s existence. Furthermore, when it comes to legal compliance, there are a range of challenges that business trusts may encounter (but we won’t get into those here!).

Setting Up A Business Trust

Talking to an attorney is the first step in establishing a business trust. Keep in mind that the hourly rate of a trust lawyer is roughly $500, while the total cost of establishing a business trust will likely exceed $5,000. You can, however, save money on the fees of business trusts by dealing with trust attorneys online. 

Once the trust is operational, the most challenging portion of the process is over. If you need to make changes to the trust in the future, the distribution schedules, trustees, and beneficiaries must all be specified upfront.

The Difference Between Business Trust And Family Trust

When a family’s assets are kept in a trust to manage a family company, family trusts are used. Each member of the family receives tax and financial benefits, as well as a source of wealth and income. If a family member has special needs, a special needs trust may also be utilized in combination with family trusts.

Individuals who are not related to each other may set up a business trust. The company or a person associated with the company may also profit from the assets owned.


Setting up a business trust comes with challenges, and it isn’t essential for every firm. In certain cases, a limited liability company (LLC), a partnership, or another business form may be more suited to your needs. It’s critical to understand the many aspects of establishing a business trust before moving further.